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Here is a quick mnemonic “NEURONAL LOSs to remember about Functional Anatomy Of Dementia

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Functional Anatomy Of Dementia : How To Remember Easily ?

  • N: Neuronal networks are disrupted in dementia syndromes.
  • E: Entorhinal region is typically affected in Alzheimer’s disease (AD).
  • U: Upward ascending pathways modulate behavior, mood, and attention.
  • R: Relative deficit profiles of neurotransmitters differ in dementias.
  • O: Organizational and planning difficulties may arise from lesions in frontal-striatal pathways.
  • N: Nucleus accumbens disruption leads to apathy and poverty of speech.
  • A: Anterior cingulate cortex and medial prefrontal cortex connect to the nucleus accumbens.
  • L: Lesions in cortical and subcortical regions contribute to vascular dementia.
  • L: Lateral orbital frontal cortex lesions result in impulsiveness and distractibility.
  • O: Overall, cortical and striatal injuries replicate corresponding clinical syndromes.
  • S: Synaptic and neuronal loss combine to produce clinical features in dementia.
  • s : (blank)

Mnemonic : NEURONAL LOSs

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department