You are currently viewing Freezing Gait Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “HYPERKINETIC MOVEMENT to remember about Freezing Gait

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Freezing Gait : How To Remember Easily ?

  • H – Huntington’s disease causes gait with a dancing quality due to choreic movements.
  • Y – Young patients with Parkinson’s disease may experience freezing of gait.
  • P – Patients with PSP have a more erect gait compared to the stooped posture of typical Parkinson’s disease.
  • E – Elderly patients with vascular parkinsonism have a broad-based and shuffling gait.
  • R – Reduced arm swing bilaterally is a characteristic feature of gait in vascular parkinsonism.
  • K – Patients with hyperkinetic movement disorders exhibit recognizable disturbances in gait.
  • I – Involvement of gait early in the disease course helps differentiate vascular parkinsonism from Parkinson’s disease.
  • N – Neurodegenerative disorders associated with parkinsonism can cause freezing of gait.
  • E – Episodic absence of forward progression of the feet characterizes freezing of gait.
  • T – Tardive dyskinesia can cause odd and stereotypic gait disorders in patients exposed to certain drugs.
  • I – Improvement in symptoms of orthostatic tremor is observed with sitting or walking.
  • C – Cueing with visual stimuli can help overcome freezing of gait in Parkinson’s patients.
  • M – Monoamine oxidase type B inhibitors may improve end-of-dose gait freezing in Parkinson’s patients.
  • O – Orthostatic tremor predominantly affects the lower extremities.
  • V – Various neurodegenerative disorders can lead to freezing of gait.
  • E – Experiencing falls within the first year may suggest the possibility of PSP.
  • M – Movements in Huntington’s disease occur unpredictably, giving the gait a dancing quality.
  • E – Episodic freezing of gait contributes to an increased risk of falls.
  • N – Narrow doorways or crowds can trigger freezing of gait.
  • T – Tremor in orthostatic tremor is high-frequency and low-amplitude.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department