Febrile Seizures⚡Mnemonic⚡

Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Febrile Seizures⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – TIGERS

T – Teething (in young children)

I – Infections (like viral upper respiratory infections)

G – Gastroenteritis (stomach flu)

E – Ear infections (like otitis media)

R – Roseola (common viral illness in young children)

S – Systemic fever (any cause of fever in the body)


Triggers for Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – HEAT

H – High fever spikes

E – Exhaustion or lack of sleep

A – Abrupt temperature changes

T – Teething or vaccinations (sometimes associated with fever)


Risk Factors For Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – BABIES

B – Birth complications

A – Age (6 months to 5 years)

B – Brain developmental issues

I – Immune system deficiencies

E – Environmental factors (like extreme heat)

S – Family history of seizures


Warning Signs of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – SHIVER

S – Sudden high fever

H – Hallucinations (rare)

I – Irritability

V – Vomiting

E – Eyes rolling back

R – Rigidity or twitching


Predisposing Factors of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – FEVER

F – Family history of febrile seizures

E – Early onset of fever

V – Viral infections

E – Elevated body temperature

R – Rapid rise in temperature


Signs & Symptoms of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – SHAKES

S – Shivering or shaking

H – High fever

A – Altered consciousness

K – Keening or moaning

E – Eyes rolling

S – Stiffening of limbs


Characteristic Findings In Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – FLAME

F – Fever above 38°C (100.4°F)

L – Loss of consciousness

A – Arms and legs twitching

M – Minutes in duration (usually less than 5 minutes)

E – Eyes fluttering


What Should Be Avoided In Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – BLANKETS

B – Bundling up too warmly

L – Late response to fever

A – Anxiety-inducing environment

N – Neglecting signs of infection

K – Keeping the child in hot surroundings

E – Excessive physical activity during illness

T – Tight clothing

S – Skipping vaccinations


Drugs Used To Treat Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – MEDS

M – Midazolam (nasal spray for acute management)

E – Epilepsy medications (rarely, if at all, needed)

D – Diazepam (rectal gel for emergency use)

S – Supportive care (fever reducers like acetaminophen)


Drugs To Avoid In Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – COLD

C – Cold medications (some can induce fever)

O – Over-the-counter stimulants

L – Long-acting antiepileptic drugs (unnecessary in most cases)

D – Decongestants (can raise body temperature)


Radiological Features of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – CLEAR

C – Clean brain MRI (usually normal)

L – Lack of focal abnormalities

E – EEG typically normal

A – Absence of lesions

R – Radiology often not indicated


Diagnostic Tests for Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – CHECK

C – CBC (Complete Blood Count for infection)

H – History and physical examination

E – Electrolyte panel (to check for imbalances)

C – CSF analysis (if meningitis is suspected)

K – Kidney function tests (to rule out metabolic causes)


Laboratory Findings In Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – BLOOD

B – Blood tests typically normal

L – Lumbar puncture (if meningitis is suspected)

O – Often no specific findings

O – Occasionally elevated white blood cell count (if infection present)

D – Differential (to rule out other causes of seizure)


Complications of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – RARE

R – Recurrence of seizures

A – Anxiety in parents

R – Rarely leads to epilepsy

E – Emergency room visits


Differential Diagnosis of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – MIMICS

M – Meningitis

I – Intracranial hemorrhage

M – Metabolic disorders

I – Infection (CNS or systemic)

C – Convulsive disorder (epilepsy)

S – Syncope or other non-epileptic events


Clinical Features of Febrile Seizures: Mnemonic – HOT SEIZ

H – High fever

O – Onset rapid

T – Typically generalized convulsions

S – Short duration

E – Eyes rolling or deviating

I – Inconsolable crying or confusion post-ictal

Z – Zero neurological deficits typically post-seizure

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department