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Here is a quick mnemonic “TRANSIENT ATTACKS to remember about Eye Symptoms In Transient Ischemic Attacks

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Eye Symptoms In Transient Ischemic Attacks : How To Remember Easily ?

  • T – Transient: Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIAs) are temporary episodes of reduced blood supply to the brain.
  • R – Result: Vertebrobasilar insufficiency may result in acute homonymous visual symptoms.
  • A – Acute: Many patients mistakenly describe symptoms in the left or right eye when, in fact, the symptoms are occurring in the left or right hemifield of both eyes.
  • N – Not followed: Interruption of blood supply to the visual cortex causes a sudden fogging or graying of vision, occasionally with flashing lights or other positive phenomena that mimic migraine. However, cortical ischemic attacks are briefer in duration than migraine and are not followed by headache.
  • S – Signs: There may be associated signs of brainstem ischemia, such as diplopia, vertigo, numbness, weakness, and dysarthria.
  • I – Ischemic: TIAs are caused by temporary ischemic episodes, usually due to a temporary blockage or narrowing of blood vessels.
  • E – Eyes: The visual symptoms in TIAs can affect both eyes, usually in a hemifield pattern.
  • N – Numbness: Numbness is one of the associated signs of brainstem ischemia in TIAs.
  • T – Temporary: TIAs are temporary, lasting only a short period of time before resolving.
  • A – Aging: Cortical ischemic attacks occur in older patients.
  • T – Transient: TIAs are transient, meaning they come and go.
  • T – Transient: TIAs are transient episodes of reduced blood supply to the brain.
  • A – Attacks: TIAs are often referred to as “mini-strokes” or “warning strokes.”
  • C – Cortex: Interruption of blood supply to the visual cortex causes visual symptoms in TIAs.
  • K – Known: It is important to recognize the symptoms of TIAs as they can be warning signs of an increased risk of stroke.
  • S – Symptoms: TIAs can present with various symptoms, including visual disturbances and signs of brainstem ischemia.

Mnemonic : TRANSIENT ATTACKS

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department
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