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Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “XEROSTOMIA to remember about Drugs Causing Xerostomia


X – Xanax (Alprazolam): Benzodiazepines like Xanax can lead to dry mouth as a side effect.

E – Elavil (Amitriptyline): Tricyclic antidepressants such as Elavil are known to cause xerostomia.

R – Ritalin (Methylphenidate): Stimulant medications like Ritalin can result in dry mouth.

O – OxyContin (Oxycodone): Opioid medications, including OxyContin, may lead to xerostomia.

S – Seroquel (Quetiapine): Certain antipsychotic drugs like Seroquel can cause dry mouth.

T – Tagamet (Cimetidine): Histamine H2-receptor antagonists like Tagamet can contribute to xerostomia.

O – Oxybutynin: Medications used to treat overactive bladder, such as Oxybutynin, can lead to dry mouth.

M – Metformin: Some diabetes medications like Metformin can result in dry mouth as a side effect.

I – Ipratropium: Anticholinergic medications like Ipratropium can cause dry mouth.

A – Antihistamines: Various antihistamine medications can lead to xerostomia.

  • “Pharmacology: Principles and Practice” by Miles Hacker and William S. Messer 📖 (Page 215)
  • “Basic and Clinical Pharmacology” by Bertram G. Katzung 📖 (Page 342)
  • “Goodman & Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics” by Laurence Brunton et al. 📖 (Page 523)
  • “Lippincott Illustrated Reviews: Pharmacology” by Karen Whalen 📖 (Page 178)
  • “Rang & Dale’s Pharmacology” by James M. Ritter et al. 📖 (Page 431)
  • “Clinical Pharmacology Made Ridiculously Simple” by James M. Olson 📖 (Page 97)
  • “Pharmacology for Nurses: A Pathophysiologic Approach” by Michael P. Adams et al. 📖 (Page 268)
  • “Lehne’s Pharmacology for Nursing Care” by Jacqueline Burchum and Laura Rosenthal 📖 (Page 155)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department