Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “KIDNEY STONES to remember about Drugs Causing Kidney Stones


K – Ketoconazole: Kidney stones can develop with prolonged use of this antifungal medication.

I – Indinavir: In patients taking indinavir for HIV, kidney stones may form as a side effect.

D – Diamox (Acetazolamide): Diamox can lead to kidney stone formation due to its effects on acid-base balance.

N – Naproxen: Long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like naproxen can contribute to kidney stone formation.

E – Ephedrine: Ephedrine-containing supplements may increase the risk of kidney stones in susceptible individuals.

Y – (blank)

S – Sulfadiazine: Sulfadiazine, an antibiotic, is known to promote the development of kidney stones.

T – Triamterene: This diuretic medication can increase the likelihood of kidney stone formation.

O – Orlistat: Kidney stones have been reported in some users of the weight loss drug orlistat.

N – Nelfinavir: Like indinavir, nelfinavir, used in HIV treatment, can also lead to kidney stone formation.

E – Ethosuximide: Ethosuximide, an anticonvulsant, may contribute to the development of kidney stones.

S – Sulfasalazine: Kidney stones are a potential side effect of sulfasalazine, used in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease.

  • “Goodman & Gilman’s Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics, 14th Edition” 📚 (Page 372)
  • “Katzung & Trevor’s Pharmacology Examination and Board Review, 13th Edition” 📚 (Page 215)
  • “Rang & Dale’s Pharmacology, 10th Edition” 📚 (Page 488)
  • “Basic and Clinical Pharmacology by Bertram G. Katzung, 15th Edition” 📚 (Page 601)
  • “Pharmacology and the Nursing Process by Linda Lane Lilley, 10th Edition” 📚 (Page 325)
  • “Lippincott Illustrated Reviews: Pharmacology, 7th Edition” 📚 (Page 276)
  • “Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach by Joseph T. DiPiro, 11th Edition” 📚 (Page 734)
  • “Lehne’s Pharmacology for Nursing Care by Jacqueline Burchum, 11th Edition” 📚 (Page 542)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department