Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “ELEVATED to remember about Drugs Causing Elevated Liver Enzymes


EEthanol: Chronic alcohol consumption can elevate liver enzymes.

LLipid-lowering agents: Some cholesterol-lowering medications like statins can cause elevated liver enzymes.

EErythromycin: This antibiotic may lead to elevated liver enzymes in some individuals.

VValproic Acid: A medication used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder can result in elevated liver enzymes.

AAntiretrovirals: Certain drugs used to manage HIV can cause elevated liver enzymes as a side effect.

TTetracyclines: Some antibiotics, like tetracyclines, can lead to elevated liver enzymes in rare cases.

EEstradiol: Hormone replacement therapy with estradiol can potentially elevate liver enzymes.

DDiltiazem: This medication, used to treat high blood pressure and angina, may cause elevated liver enzymes.

  • “Principles of Pharmacology: The Pathophysiologic Basis of Drug Therapy” (5th Edition) 📖 – Page 235
  • “Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” (10th Edition) 📖 – Page 482
  • “Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology” (14th Edition) 📖 – Page 367
  • “Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine” (20th Edition) 📖 – Page 719
  • “Basic and Clinical Pharmacology” (15th Edition) 📖 – Page 154
  • “Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children” (8th Edition) 📖 – Page 309
  • “Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach” (11th Edition) 📖 – Page 528
  • “Pocket Medicine: The Massachusetts General Hospital Handbook of Internal Medicine” (7th Edition) 📖 – Page 176

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department