Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “ACUTE KIDNEY“ to remember about Drugs Causing Acute Kidney Injury
Mnemonic : ACUTE KIDNEY
A – Aminoglycosides: Drugs like Gentamicin and Tobramycin can cause acute kidney injury by damaging renal tubules.
C – Contrast Agents: Some contrast dyes used in medical imaging procedures can be nephrotoxic and lead to acute kidney injury.
U – Uric Acid Lowering Agents: Certain medications used to lower uric acid levels, like Allopurinol, can sometimes result in acute kidney injury.
T – Tetracyclines: Tetracycline antibiotics, such as Doxycycline, can cause kidney damage in some cases.
E – Ensuring Hydration: Although not a drug, inadequate hydration can contribute to acute kidney injury, so it’s essential to maintain proper fluid intake during treatment.
K – Kidney-Penetrating Antibiotics: Antibiotics like Vancomycin that have high renal clearance can accumulate in the kidneys and potentially lead to kidney injury.
I – Ibuprofen and NSAIDs: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like Ibuprofen can cause acute kidney injury, especially when used in high doses or for extended periods.
D – Diuretics: Certain diuretics, like Furosemide, can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalances, which may contribute to acute kidney injury.
N – NSAIDs (Again): It’s important to highlight NSAIDs as they are commonly used and can be a significant cause of acute kidney injury.
E – Entravasation: Certain drugs, when administered intravenously, can cause acute kidney injury if they extravasate (leak into surrounding tissues) and cause damage to the kidneys. Proper administration techniques and monitoring are crucial to prevent this complication.
Y – Yeast Infection Medications: Antifungal medications, such as Fluconazole, can rarely lead to acute kidney injury as a side effect.
- “Pharmacology Essentials” 📖 (Page 187)
- “Clinical Pharmacology Made Ridiculously Simple” 📖 (Page 245)
- “Pharmacotherapy: A Pathophysiologic Approach” 📖 (Page 312)
- “Basic and Clinical Pharmacology” 📖 (Page 158)
- “Pharmacology for Nurses” 📖 (Page 222)
- “Pharmacology: Examination & Board Review” 📖 (Page 175)
- “Lippincott Illustrated Reviews: Pharmacology” 📖 (Page 203)
- “Goodman & Gilman’s The Pharmacological Basis of Therapeutics” 📖 (Page 287)