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Here is a quick mnemonic “SUDDEN COMA to remember about Differential Diagnosis Of Coma

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Differential Diagnosis Of Coma : How To Remember Easily ?

  • S – Some causes of coma are related to metabolic and toxic encephalopathies.
  • U – Uncommon causes of sudden coma include drug ingestion, cerebral hemorrhage, trauma, cardiac arrest, epilepsy, and basilar artery occlusion.
  • D – Diagnosis of coma due to cerebrovascular disease can be difficult, particularly distinguishing different types of hemorrhages.
  • DDiseases such as basal ganglia and thalamic hemorrhage can cause specific symptoms like vomiting, headache, hemiplegia, and characteristic eye signs.
  • E – Eye movements and corneal responses can be affected in pontine hemorrhage, leading to sudden coma.
  • N – Neurologic prodrome or warning spells may precede coma in cases of basilar artery thrombosis.
  • C – Coma can result from subarachnoid hemorrhage, which is characterized by a sudden severe headache and vomiting.
  • O – Ordinarily coma can be caused by the expansion of edema surrounding large infarctions in the territory of the middle cerebral artery.
  • M – Many intracranial diseases, including subarachnoid hemorrhage, can lead to the syndrome of acute hydrocephalus.
  • A – Acute hydrocephalus is characterized by headache, vomiting, and may progress quickly to coma.

Mnemonic : SUDDEN COMA

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department