Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “DIAGNOSIS to remember about the Differential Diagnosis Of Chronic Kidney Disease


D – Diabetes Mellitus: The most common cause of chronic kidney disease is diabetes, primarily type 2 diabetes.

I – Infection: Chronic kidney disease can result from repeated or severe kidney infections.

A – Autoimmune Disorders: Conditions like systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) can lead to kidney damage.

G – Glomerulonephritis: Inflammatory conditions affecting the glomeruli, such as IgA nephropathy or post-infectious glomerulonephritis, can be causes.

N – Nephrotoxins: Exposure to certain drugs and toxins can damage the kidneys, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or contrast agents.

O – Obstructive Uropathy: Blockages in the urinary tract, such as kidney stones or tumors, can cause chronic kidney disease.

S – Systemic Hypertension: Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to kidney damage over time.

I – Intervertebral Disk Disease: A rare but noteworthy cause, where compression of the renal arteries may occur due to degenerated discs in the spine.

S – Systemic Diseases: Conditions like sickle cell disease, multiple myeloma, or amyloidosis can affect the kidneys.

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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department