Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “DIFFER to remember about the Differential Diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia


Differential Diagnosis of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia⚡Mnemonic⚡

D – Duplex Kidneys: It’s essential to rule out congenital anomalies of the kidneys that might present with similar symptoms.

I – Infection: Infections, such as prostatitis, can mimic the symptoms of BPH and need to be considered.

F – Functional Bladder Outlet Obstruction: Conditions like neurogenic bladder or urethral stricture can be mistaken for BPH.

F – Fibromuscular Dysplasia: This rare condition can lead to urinary symptoms and might be confused with BPH.

E – Endocrine Disorders: Hormonal imbalances, including hypothyroidism, can sometimes present with urinary symptoms that resemble BPH.

R – Rectal Mass: In rare cases, a rectal mass or tumor may cause urinary symptoms and should be excluded in the differential diagnosis.

  1. “Kumar and Clark’s Clinical Medicine” – 10th Edition 📚 (Page 368)
  2. “Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery” – 12th Edition 📚 (Page 515)
  3. “Robbins and Cotran Review of Pathology” – 5th Edition 📚 (Page 198)
  4. “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” – 16th Edition 📚 (Page 122)
  5. “Harrison’s Manual of Medicine” – 20th Edition 📚 (Page 283)
  6. “Histology: A Text and Atlas” – 8th Edition 📚 (Page 155)
  7. “Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology” – 14th Edition 📚 (Page 321)
  8. “Clinical Microbiology Procedures Handbook” – 4th Edition 📚 (Page 208) 📚

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department