Find easy to difficult questions on Deep Femoral Artery. With these MCQs, we go deep into each aspect of deep femoral artery, so that you get a comprehensive understanding of the topic and face tough medical & nursing exams like USMLE, NEET PG, NBME, NExT Step1 & 2, NCLEX, MBBS & other medical exams easily

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🔬 Anatomy and Location:

  1. Where is the deep femoral artery typically located?

    • a) In the upper arm
    • b) In the lower leg
    • c) In the thigh
    • d) In the abdomen
    • Answer: c
  2. Which artery does the deep femoral artery arise from?

    • a) Common iliac artery
    • b) External iliac artery
    • c) Femoral artery
    • d) Popliteal artery
    • Answer: b
  3. The deep femoral artery is also known by another name. What is it?

    • a) Profunda femoris artery
    • b) Superior femoral artery
    • c) Vastus lateralis artery
    • d) Medial femoral artery
    • Answer: a
  4. The deep femoral artery is a major branch of which artery?

    • a) Femoral artery
    • b) Popliteal artery
    • c) Common iliac artery
    • d) Subclavian artery
    • Answer: a
  5. Which muscle does the deep femoral artery usually run alongside?

    • a) Biceps femoris
    • b) Sartorius
    • c) Vastus medialis
    • d) Adductor magnus
    • Answer: d

💉 Blood Supply and Function:

  1. The deep femoral artery primarily supplies blood to which region?

    • a) Upper leg
    • b) Lower leg
    • c) Arm
    • d) Abdomen
    • Answer: a
  2. Which of the following muscles is primarily supplied by the deep femoral artery?

    • a) Gastrocnemius
    • b) Quadriceps femoris
    • c) Hamstrings
    • d) Biceps brachii
    • Answer: b
  3. Which artery does the deep femoral artery collaborate with to form an important vascular network around the hip joint?

    • a) Femoral artery
    • b) Popliteal artery
    • c) Superior gluteal artery
    • d) Circumflex iliac artery
    • Answer: c
  4. The deep femoral artery gives off branches that contribute to the blood supply of which joint?

    • a) Knee joint
    • b) Hip joint
    • c) Elbow joint
    • d) Ankle joint
    • Answer: b
  5. In addition to the blood supply, the deep femoral artery plays a role in:

  • a) Lymphatic drainage
  • b) Nerve conduction
  • c) Hormone production
  • d) Temperature regulation
  • Answer: b

⚕️ Clinical Significance:

  1. Atherosclerosis in the deep femoral artery can lead to:

    • a) Deep vein thrombosis
    • b) Aneurysm formation
    • c) Cardiac arrhythmias
    • d) Pulmonary embolism
    • Answer: b
  2. Which imaging technique is commonly used to assess the blood flow and condition of the deep femoral artery?

    • a) Electrocardiogram (ECG)
    • b) X-ray
    • c) Ultrasound
    • d) Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
    • Answer: c
  3. Ligation or occlusion of the deep femoral artery might be necessary during surgery to prevent excessive bleeding in the case of trauma or aneurysm. What is the potential consequence of this procedure?

    • a) Impaired hip movement
    • b) Loss of foot sensation
    • c) Decreased thigh muscle strength
    • d) Reduced knee joint flexibility
    • Answer: a
  4. The deep femoral artery can be accessed during angiography through which approach?

    • a) Radial artery
    • b) Brachial artery
    • c) Femoral artery
    • d) Popliteal artery
    • Answer: c
  5. The surgical removal of atherosclerotic plaque from the deep femoral artery is known as:

    • a) Thrombolysis
    • b) Endarterectomy
    • c) Embolization
    • d) Stenting
    • Answer: b

🔄 Variations and Anomalies:

  1. An aberrant deep femoral artery might arise from:

    • a) Internal iliac artery
    • b) Common femoral artery
    • c) Popliteal artery
    • d) External iliac artery
    • Answer: a
  2. In some cases, the deep femoral artery might give rise to a “third” profunda femoris artery. What is the other name for this third profunda femoris artery?

    • a) Profunda femoris minor
    • b) Profunda femoris intermedius
    • c) Profunda femoris accessorius
    • d) Profunda femoris tertius
    • Answer: c
  3. A common anatomical variation is the presence of a “high origin” of the deep femoral artery. This means it arises:

    • a) Lower in the thigh than usual
    • b) From the popliteal artery
    • c) From the common iliac artery
    • d) Higher in the thigh than usual
    • Answer: d
  4. Anomalous origins of the deep femoral artery can impact the blood supply to the:

    • a) Gluteal muscles
    • b) Quadriceps femoris
    • c) Gastrocnemius
    • d) Adductor muscles
    • Answer: b
  5. Variation in the course of the deep femoral artery might influence the:

    • a) Lymphatic drainage
    • b) Venous return
    • c) Nerve conduction
    • d) Muscle innervation
    • Answer: b

🩸 Embolization and Intervention:

  1. Embolization of the deep femoral artery is a treatment option for:

    • a) Peripheral artery disease
    • b) Aortic aneurysm
    • c) Coronary artery disease
    • d) Stroke
    • Answer: a
  2. During embolization, small particles or coils are used to block blood flow in the deep femoral artery. What is the purpose of this procedure?

    • a) Improve blood circulation
    • b) Prevent venous thrombosis
    • c) Induce collateral vessel formation
    • d) Treat aneurysms or bleeding
    • Answer: d
  3. Embolization of the deep femoral artery might be performed in cases of severe:

    • a) Hypertension
    • b) Arthritis
    • c) Hemorrhage
    • d) Osteoporosis
    • Answer: c
  4. Which medical imaging technique is commonly used to guide the placement of embolization materials during deep femoral artery embolization?

    • a) X-ray fluoroscopy
    • b) Ultrasound
    • c) CT scan
    • d) MRI
    • Answer: a
  5. In embolization procedures, the embolic material can be delivered to the deep femoral artery via:

    • a) Intravenous injection
    • b) Intra-arterial catheter
    • c) Intramuscular injection
    • d) Subcutaneous injection
    • Answer: b

🔪 Vascular Surgery:

  1. In vascular bypass surgery, the deep femoral artery might be used as a donor vessel to bypass blood flow around a blocked segment of the:

    • a) Carotid artery
    • b) Aorta
    • c) Coronary artery
    • d) Femoral artery
    • Answer: d
  2. What is the term for the surgical connection between the deep femoral artery and a blocked artery to restore blood flow?

    • a) Endarterectomy
    • b) Angioplasty
    • c) Bypass graft
    • d) Embolization
    • Answer: c
  3. The most common graft material used in vascular bypass surgery involving the deep femoral artery is:

    • a) Synthetic polymer
    • b) Autologous vein
    • c) Stainless steel mesh
    • d) Collagen matrix
    • Answer: b
  4. A deep femoral artery bypass graft is most commonly indicated for the treatment of:

    • a) Aortic aneurysms
    • b) Peripheral artery disease
    • c) Coronary artery disease
    • d) Pulmonary embolism
    • Answer: b
  5. Vascular surgeons might opt for a deep femoral artery bypass when there’s a high risk of:

    • a) Hypotension
    • b) Hemorrhage
    • c) Thrombosis
    • d) Infection
    • Answer: c

🩸 Physiology and Hemodynamics:

  1. In the context of blood flow, what is the significance of the deep femoral artery’s muscular branches?

    • a) They regulate blood pressure.
    • b) They provide collateral circulation.
    • c) They secrete hormones.
    • d) They filter blood cells.
    • Answer: b
  2. The deep femoral artery’s blood flow is affected by various factors. Which of these factors contributes to atherosclerosis?

    • a) High-density lipoproteins (HDL)
    • b) Regular exercise
    • c) Low blood pressure
    • d) High blood cholesterol
    • Answer: d
  3. Which of the following can cause vasodilation of the deep femoral artery?

    • a) Increased sympathetic nerve activity
    • b) Increased levels of angiotensin II
    • c) Decreased levels of nitric oxide
    • d) Local metabolic factors
    • Answer: d
  4. Blood pressure is lower in the deep femoral artery compared to the systemic arteries due to:

    • a) Greater number of smooth muscle cells
    • b) Smaller diameter
    • c) Presence of venous valves
    • d) Increased elastin content
    • Answer: b
  5. What is the primary function of the deep femoral artery in regulating blood flow to muscles during exercise?

    • a) Increase oxygen transport
    • b) Maintain blood pH balance
    • c) Regulate body temperature
    • d) Enhance coagulation
    • Answer: a

🩹 Pathology and Diseases:

  1. Which medical condition is characterized by the accumulation of fatty deposits in the walls of the deep femoral artery, leading to reduced blood flow?

    • a) Hypertension
    • b) Atherosclerosis
    • c) Thrombosis
    • d) Vasculitis
    • Answer: b
  2. A complication of untreated atherosclerosis in the deep femoral artery could be the development of a(n):

    • a) Arteriovenous fistula
    • b) Myocardial infarction
    • c) Angina pectoris
    • d) Embolus
    • Answer: d
  3. An aneurysm in the deep femoral artery could potentially cause:

    • a) Blood clot in the heart
    • b) Pulmonary embolism
    • c) Sudden loss of consciousness
    • d) Localized ballooning and rupture
    • Answer: d
  4. Which medical intervention involves inserting a stent into the deep femoral artery to keep it open and improve blood flow?

    • a) Angioplasty
    • b) Embolization
    • c) Endarterectomy
    • d) Bypass surgery
    • Answer: a
  5. A common symptom of deep femoral artery diseases is:

    • a) Shortness of breath
    • b) Chest pain
    • c) Leg pain during exercise
    • d) Nausea
    • Answer: c

🔬 Research and Advancements:

  1. Recent research suggests that certain genetic factors might predispose individuals to:

    • a) Rapid blood clot dissolution
    • b) Aneurysm formation
    • c) Hypertension
    • d) Varicose veins
    • Answer: b
  2. Advances in medical imaging techniques, such as 3D angiography, have enabled better visualization of:

    • a) Bone fractures
    • b) Soft tissue infections
    • c) Blood vessel anomalies
    • d) Brain activity
    • Answer: c
  3. What is the potential benefit of using stem cell therapy in treating deep femoral artery diseases?

    • a) Immediate pain relief
    • b) Preventing infection
    • c) Stimulating blood clot formation
    • d) Promoting tissue repair and angiogenesis
    • Answer: d
  4. Cutting-edge research aims to develop “smart” stents for the deep femoral artery that can:

    • a) Emit light for cosmetic purposes
    • b) Automatically adjust blood pressure
    • c) Monitor blood flow and release medication
    • d) Generate heat to prevent clotting
    • Answer: c
  5. The use of computational modeling in studying the deep femoral artery can help predict:

    • a) Muscle strength
    • b) Blood clotting time
    • c) Hemodynamic changes
    • d) Oxygen saturation levels
    • Answer: c

🤝 Interactions with Adjacent Structures:

  1. The deep femoral artery runs deep within the thigh, closely associated with the:

    • a) Quadriceps femoris muscle
    • b) Gastrocnemius muscle
    • c) Tibialis anterior muscle
    • d) Biceps brachii muscle
    • Answer: a
  2. The deep femoral artery is surrounded by which type of connective tissue sheath?

    • a) Epimysium
    • b) Endomysium
    • c) Perimysium
    • d) Fascia
    • Answer: d
  3. What is the potential risk of anatomical variations of the deep femoral artery in relation to the adjacent femur bone?

    • a) Bone fractures
    • b) Bone dislocations
    • c) Impaired bone growth
    • d) Nerve compression
    • Answer: a
  4. The deep femoral artery’s proximity to the femoral vein can pose challenges during surgical procedures, such as:

    • a) Blood clot formation
    • b) Hemorrhage
    • c) Venous thrombosis
    • d) Nerve damage
    • Answer: b
  5. Surgical procedures involving the deep femoral artery might require careful consideration of the surrounding:

    • a) Lymph nodes
    • b) Arteries
    • c) Nerves
    • d) Ligaments
    • Answer: c

🔪 Surgical Techniques:

  1. In vascular surgeries involving the deep femoral artery, what is the purpose of clamping the artery during the procedure?

    • a) To restrict blood flow
    • b) To induce vasodilation
    • c) To increase blood pressure
    • d) To promote collateral circulation
    • Answer: a
  2. What is the primary reason for using synthetic graft materials instead of autologous veins in deep femoral artery bypass surgery?

    • a) Lower risk of infection
    • b) Faster recovery time
    • c) Greater long-term durability
    • d) Reduced surgical cost
    • Answer: c

🔍 Clinical Examination:

  1. During physical examination, palpation of the deep femoral artery’s pulse can help assess the:

    • a) Oxygen saturation
    • b) Blood pressure
    • c) Venous return
    • d) Arterial insufficiency
    • Answer: d
  2. Which medical condition might present with absent or weak pulses in the deep femoral artery during palpation?

    • a) Hypertension
    • b) Peripheral artery disease
    • c) Hemorrhoids
    • d) Osteoporosis
    • Answer: b

🩸 Vascular Complications:

  1. In cases of deep femoral artery thrombosis, the formation of a blood clot can lead to:
    • a) Increased blood flow
    • b) Decreased blood pressure
    • c) Embolization to distant organs
    • d) Enhanced muscle strength
    • Answer: c

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department