Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “COMPLICATION to remember about the Complications Of Chronic Kidney Disease


CCardiovascular complications: CKD can lead to hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, and an increased risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attacks and strokes.

OOsteodystrophy: CKD patients often experience bone disorders due to disturbances in calcium and phosphate metabolism, leading to conditions like renal osteodystrophy.

MMetabolic Acidosis: The kidneys are responsible for maintaining acid-base balance, and CKD can result in metabolic acidosis, which negatively impacts various organ systems.

PProteinuria: Persistent proteinuria is a hallmark of CKD and can be indicative of glomerular damage.

LLipid abnormalities: CKD can lead to dyslipidemia, which contributes to the risk of cardiovascular complications.

IInfection susceptibility: Immune system dysfunction can make CKD patients more susceptible to infections, particularly urinary tract infections.

CCompromised renal function: Gradual loss of renal function is the essence of CKD and leads to various complications.

AAnemia: Decreased production of erythropoietin by the kidneys results in anemia in CKD patients.

TThrombosis risk: CKD patients are at an increased risk of thrombotic events due to factors such as platelet dysfunction and endothelial injury.

IInsulin resistance: CKD is associated with insulin resistance, which can complicate diabetes management in CKD patients.

OOverhydration: Accumulation of fluid is common in CKD, leading to edema and potentially severe pulmonary edema.

NNeuropathy: CKD can cause various neurological complications, such as peripheral neuropathy, which can affect sensory and motor function.

  1. “Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine” – 24th Edition 📖 (Page 874)
  2. “Sabiston Textbook of Surgery” – 21st Edition 📖 (Page 1012)
  3. “Robbins Basic Pathology” – 10th Edition 📖 (Page 532)
  4. “Hurst’s The Heart” – 15th Edition 📖 (Page 709)
  5. “Netter’s Atlas of Human Anatomy” – 7th Edition 📖 (Page 263)
  6. “Step-Up to Medicine” – 5th Edition 📖 (Page 435)
  7. “Clinical Microbiology Made Ridiculously Simple” – 7th Edition 📖 (Page 176)
  8. “Fischer’s Mastery of Surgery” – 7th Edition 📖 (Page 628)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department