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Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “COMMON ARTERY to remember Common Iliac Artery important facts

• 📖 “Gray’s Anatomy” by Henry Gray

• 📚 “Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Frank H. Netter

• 📘 “Essential Clinical Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore

• 📙 “Clinically Oriented Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore

• 📗 “Anatomy & Physiology for Dummies” by Maggie Norris and Donna Rae Siegfried

• 📕 “Medical-Surgical Nursing: Assessment and Management of Clinical Problems” by Sharon L. Lewis

• 📔 “Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children” by Kathryn L. McCance and Sue E. Huether

• 📓 “Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice” edited by Peter Rosen et al.

Common Iliac Artery : How To Remember Easily ?

C – Carries Blood: Common Iliac Artery carries oxygenated blood from the abdominal aorta to the lower extremities.

O – Originates from: It originates from the abdominal aorta just below the level of the renal arteries.

M – Major Branch: One of its major branches is the Internal Iliac Artery, which supplies blood to the pelvis.

M – Muscular Wall: The artery has a thick muscular wall to withstand the high pressure of blood flow.

O – Overlaps: The Common Iliac Artery partially overlaps with the ureter as it descends.

N – Nourishes: It nourishes the lower limbs, including the muscles and bones.

A – Anatomy: Understanding the anatomy of the Common Iliac Artery is crucial for surgical procedures in the pelvis.

R – Right and Left: There are two common iliac arteries, the right and left, supplying each respective lower limb.

T – Terminal Branch: It eventually divides into the External Iliac Artery and Internal Iliac Artery to supply the lower limbs and pelvis.

E – External Iliac: The External Iliac Artery continues down into the lower limb, becoming the femoral artery.

R – Regulates Flow: The Common Iliac Artery plays a role in regulating blood flow to the legs through vasoconstriction and dilation.

Y – Yields Pressure: As it descends, it yields pressure for efficient blood distribution in the lower limbs.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department