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Clinical Examination Of Frontal Lobes : How To Remember Easily ?

  • F – Frontal release signs, such as grasping and sucking, are seen in patients with large structural lesions or metabolic encephalopathies.
  • R – Reflexes are not displayed in the majority of patients with prefrontal lesions and frontal lobe behavioral syndromes.
  • O – On-line holding and manipulation of information in working memory is disrupted by frontal lobe damage.
  • N – Numerous attention-related functions, including concentration span and retrieval of stored information, are affected by frontal lobe damage.
  • T – Tasks involving mental flexibility, inhibition, and response control are impaired in patients with frontal lobe damage.
  • A – Abstracting similarities and interpreting proverbs is undermined by damage to the frontal lobes.
  • L – Long-term storage and retrieval of information in explicit memory are affected by attentional deficits.
  • R – Registration and retrieval of new information are disrupted by attentional deficits, leading to secondary deficits of explicit memory.
  • E – Explicit memory depends on off-line storage and subsequent retrieval of information.
  • L – Memory is a confusing term as it refers to two different mental faculties: working memory and explicit memory.
  • E – Events that occurred a few minutes ago may not be remembered by severely amnestic patients, but their working memory capacity may still be intact.
  • A – Attention-related deficits can lead to increased distractibility and decreased ability to abstract similarities.
  • S – Sorting or matching tasks requiring mental flexibility may be impaired, leading to impersistence and perseveration.
  • E – (blank)


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department