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Here is a quick mnemonic “FINGERTIPS to remember about Clinical Examination of Cortical Sensation

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Clinical Examination of Cortical Sensation : How To Remember Easily ?

  • F – Function tests include two-point discrimination, touch localization, and bilateral simultaneous stimulation.
  • I – In the presence of normal primary sensation, abnormalities of these sensory tests signify a lesion of the parietal cortex or thalamocortical projections.
  • N – Normal primary sensation is essential for accurate assessment of cortical discriminative functions.
  • G – Graphesthesia refers to the capacity to recognize letters or numbers drawn on the palm of the hand with eyes closed.
  • E – Eyes closed, touch localization is performed by light pressure to identify the site of touch.
  • R – Recognition of common objects by palpation, shape, texture, and size is known as stereognosis.
  • T – Two-point discrimination can be tested with calipers set at various distances applied simultaneously to the fingertips.
  • I – Interside comparison is important to evaluate abnormalities in the recognition of numbers or letters.
  • P – Perception of touch can be assessed through bilateral simultaneous stimulation at analogous sites.
  • S – Sensory tests should be compared between analogous sites on both sides of the body to identify unilateral deficits


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department