Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “CKD CAUSE to remember about the Causes Of Chronic Kidney Disease


CCardiovascular Disease: Hypertension and heart conditions can contribute to CKD.

KKidney Infections: Repeated kidney infections can lead to CKD.

DDiabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes is a major cause of CKD.

CCongenital Conditions: Some individuals are born with structural kidney issues.

AAutoimmune Disorders: Conditions like lupus can damage the kidneys.

UUrinary Obstruction: Blockages in the urinary tract can lead to CKD.

SSmoking: Smoking is a risk factor for CKD.

EExposure to Nephrotoxic Drugs: Certain medications can harm the kidneys.

  1. “Harper’s Illustrated Biochemistry” – 32nd Edition 📖 Page 217
  2. “Schwartz’s Principles of Surgery” – 11th Edition 📖 Page 815
  3. “Pathophysiology: The Biologic Basis for Disease in Adults and Children” – 8th Edition 📖 Page 502
  4. “The Washington Manual of Medical Therapeutics” – 36th Edition 📖 Page 147
  5. “Pocket Companion to Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” – 10th Edition 📖 Page 88
  6. “Clinical Neuroanatomy” – 8th Edition 📖 Page 263
  7. “Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology” – 14th Edition 📖 Page 419
  8. “The Complete Manual of Things That Might Kill You” – 1st Edition 📖 Page 67

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department