Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “PROSTATE to remember about the Causes Of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia


  • P: Proliferation of epithelial cells: Increased cell growth within the prostate gland leads to BPH.
  • R: Reduced testosterone regulation: Changes in hormone levels, especially a decrease in testosterone, contribute to BPH.
  • O: Older age: BPH is more common in older men, often developing after the age of 50.
  • S: Stromal and epithelial interaction: Interactions between stromal and epithelial cells in the prostate play a role in BPH development.
  • T: Testosterone metabolites: The conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is linked to BPH.
  • A: Androgens and estrogen imbalance: An imbalance between androgens and estrogen hormones can trigger BPH.
  • T: Tissue inflammation: Inflammatory processes within the prostate may contribute to BPH.
  • E: Estrogen dominance: Elevated estrogen levels relative to testosterone can promote BPH.
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Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department