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Here is a quick mnemonic “CATARACT SURGERY to remember about Cataract

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Cataract : How To Remember Easily ?

  • C – Clouding: Cataract is a clouding of the lens sufficient to reduce vision.
  • A – Aging: Most cataracts develop slowly as a result of aging, leading to gradual impairment of vision.
  • T – Trauma: The formation of cataract occurs more rapidly in patients with a history of uveitis, diabetes mellitus, ocular trauma, or vitrectomy.
  • A – Acquired: Cataracts are acquired in a variety of genetic diseases, such as myotonic dystrophy, neurofibromatosis type 2, and galactosemia.
  • R – Radiation: Radiation therapy can induce cataract as a side effect.
  • A – Associated: The cataracts associated with radiation or glucocorticoids have a typical posterior subcapsular location.
  • C – Checking: Cataract can be detected by noting an impaired red reflex when viewing light reflected from the fundus with an ophthalmoscope or by examining the dilated eye with the slit lamp.
  • T – Treatment: The only treatment for cataract is surgical extraction of the opacified lens.
  • S – Surgery: Millions of cataract operations are performed each year around the globe.
  • U – Under: The operation generally is done under local anesthesia on an outpatient basis.
  • R – Replacement: A plastic or silicone intraocular lens is placed within the empty lens capsule in the posterior chamber, substituting for the natural lens and leading to rapid recovery of sight.
  • G – Globe: More than 95% of patients who undergo cataract extraction can expect an improvement in vision.
  • E – Eventually: In some patients, the lens capsule remaining in the eye after cataract extraction eventually turns cloudy, causing secondary loss of vision.
  • R – Restoration: A small opening, called a posterior capsulotomy, is made in the lens capsule with a laser to restore clarity.
  • Y – (blank)

Mnemonic : BLOOD

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department