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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Bronchiolitis⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

  1. Causes of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: VIRAL KIDS
    V – Viruses (RSV, rhinovirus, adenovirus)
    I – Immature immune systems in infants
    R – Respiratory tract susceptibility in young children
    A – Air pollution exposure
    L – Low birth weight as a risk
    K – Kids (especially under 2 years)
    I – Indoor smoke exposure
    D – Daycare attendance
    S – Seasonal (winter months)

  2. Triggers for Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: COLD SEASON
    C – Cold weather
    O – Overcrowded living conditions
    L – Lowered immunity
    D – Dust mites and allergens
    S – Smoking (second-hand smoke exposure)
    E – Environmental pollutants
    A – Airborne viral particles
    S – Stress to the immune system
    O – Other sick children (viral spread)
    N – Nasal congestion leading to respiratory distress

  3. Risk Factors For Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: YOUNG LUNG
    Y – Youth (infants primarily affected)
    O – Oxygen therapy at birth (premature babies)
    U – Underlying heart or lung conditions
    N – Not breastfed (decreased immunity)
    G – Genetic predisposition to respiratory issues
    L – Low birth weight
    U – Unvaccinated status
    N – Nursery (daycare) exposure
    G – Gender (slightly more common in males)

  4. Warning Signs of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: BREATH
    B – Breathing difficulty (rapid, labored)
    R – Retractions (chest sinking in)
    E – Eating less (poor feeding)
    A – Apnea (pauses in breathing, especially in premies)
    T – Temperature (fever)
    H – Harsh coughing

  5. Predisposing Factors of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: PREMIE
    P – Premature birth
    R – Respiratory distress at birth
    E – Environmental smoke exposure
    M – Maternal smoking during pregnancy
    I – Immune system immaturity
    E – Exposures to siblings or daycare illnesses

  6. Signs & Symptoms of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: COUGHING
    C – Cough (persistent, dry or wet)
    O – Oxygen saturation decrease
    U – Unusual irritability
    G – Grunting noises
    H – High fever (in some cases)
    I – Intercostal retractions
    N – Nasal flaring
    G – Gastrointestinal symptoms (vomiting after coughing)

  7. Characteristic Findings In Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: WHEEZE
    W – Wheezing on auscultation
    H – Hyperinflation on chest X-ray
    E – Expiratory phase prolongation
    E – Edema in small airways
    Z – Zonal hyperlucency (on X-ray)
    E – Excessive mucus production

  8. Clinical Features of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: TINY LUNGS
    T – Tachypnea (rapid breathing)
    I – Irritability and lethargy
    N – Nasal congestion
    Y – Young age (usually under 2 years)
    L – Low-grade fever
    U – Upper respiratory tract infection symptoms initially
    N – Nasal flaring
    G – Grunting respiratory sounds
    S – Sibilant or sonorous wheezes

  9. What Should Be Avoided In Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: SMOKE AWAY
    S – Smoke exposure (tobacco, environmental)
    M – Mixing with sick individuals (viral transmission)
    O – Overheating the child
    K – Keeping indoors with poor air circulation
    E – Excessive wrapping (can increase breathing difficulty)
    A – Allergen exposure
    W – Waiting too long to seek medical care
    A – Antibiotics (unless bacterial infection is present)
    Y – Yielding to the urge to give cough suppressants

  10. Drugs Used To Treat Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: SUPPORT
    S – Saline nasal drops (for congestion)
    U – Usually no antibiotics (unless secondary bacterial infection)
    P – Paracetamol (for fever)
    P – Possibly nebulized epinephrine (in severe cases)
    O – Oxygen therapy (if hypoxic)
    R – Ribavirin (antiviral, rarely used)
    T – Tent (oxygen tent for infants)

  11. Drugs To Avoid In Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: COLD MEDS
    C – Cough suppressants
    O – Oral corticosteroids
    L – Leukotriene modifiers
    D – Decongestants (in infants)
    M – Mucolytic agents
    E – Expectorants
    D – Daily antibiotics (unless indicated for another infection)
    S – Sedatives

  12. Radiological Features of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: HYPERLUNG
    H – Hyperinflation of the lungs
    Y – Young patients primarily
    P – Patchy atelectasis
    E – Emphysema-like changes
    R – Rib cage expansion
    L – Lung consolidation (rare)
    U – Unstructured appearance
    N – Normal thymus shadow (can be mistaken for pathology)
    G – Gaseous distention in intestines (due to air swallowing)

  13. Diagnostic Tests for Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: VIRAL CHECK
    V – Viral swab (RSV antigen detection)
    I – Inflammation markers (blood test)
    R – Respiratory rate and effort assessment
    A – Auscultation for wheezes/crackles
    L – Lung X-ray (chest radiography)
    C – Capillary blood gas (for oxygen levels)
    H – Heart rate monitoring
    E – Echocardiogram (if cardiac involvement suspected)
    C – Clinical presentation assessment
    K – Keep monitoring for oxygen saturation

  14. Laboratory Findings In Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: BREATH LAB
    B – Blood oxygen levels (hypoxemia)
    R – Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) antigen in nasal swab
    E – Elevated white blood cell count (occasionally)
    A – Acidosis (metabolic, in severe cases)
    T – Thrombocytosis (occasionally)
    H – Hypercapnia (in severe cases)
    L – Lactate (may increase with fatigue)
    A – Alkalosis (respiratory, compensatory)
    B – Blood culture (if bacterial superinfection is suspected)

  15. Complications of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: OXYGEN
    O – Oxygen dependency in severe cases
    X – X-ray changes (persistent abnormalities)
    Y – Yielding of respiratory muscles (fatigue)
    G – Gastrointestinal complications (poor feeding, dehydration)
    E – Ear infections (otitis media)
    N – Nosocomial infections (in hospital settings)

  16. Differential Diagnosis of Bronchiolitis
    Mnemonic: WHEEZY KID
    W – Wheezing disorders (like asthma)
    H – Heart conditions mimicking respiratory distress
    E – Esophageal reflux with aspiration
    E – Epiglottitis (though rare in this age group)
    Z – Zoonotic infections (pertussis, for instance)
    Y – Young infant with metabolic disorders
    K – Kawasaki disease (rare)
    I – Inborn errors of metabolism
    D – Dysphagia leading to aspiration

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department