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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Breast Cancer⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: PANDA
P – Prolonged exposure to estrogen
A – Aging (increased risk as age increases)
N – Nulliparity (never having given birth)
D – Dense breast tissue
A – Alcohol consumption

 

Triggers for Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: HOLIDAY
H – Hormone replacement therapy
O – Obesity
L – Lack of physical activity
I – Ionizing radiation exposure
D – Diet high in fat
A – Alcohol overconsumption
Y – Young age at first menstrual period

 

Risk Factors For Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: FAMILY
F – Family history of breast cancer
A – Age over 50
M – Menstrual history (early menarche, late menopause)
I – Inherited genetic mutations (BRCA1, BRCA2)
L – Lifestyle factors (alcohol, obesity)
Y – Years of hormone therapy use

 

Warning Signs of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: LUMPS
L – Lump in the breast or underarm
U – Unusual change in breast size or shape
M – Nipple discharge, especially if blood-tinged
P – Peeling or flaking of the nipple skin
S – Skin dimpling or puckering on the breast

 

Predisposing Factors of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: GENES
G – Genetic mutations (BRCA1, BRCA2)
E – Early menstruation or late menopause
N – No full-term pregnancies
E – Exposure to radiation
S – Sedentary lifestyle

 

Signs & Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: CHANGE
C – Changes in breast shape or size
H – Hard lump felt in breast or underarm
A – Asymmetry in breast appearance
N – Nipple retraction or discharge
G – General pain in the breast area
E – Erythema or skin changes over the breast

 

Characteristic Findings In Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: DETECT
D – Ductal carcinoma most common type
E – Estrogen receptor positivity in many cases
T – Triple-negative type being more aggressive
E – Elevation of tumor markers in later stages
C – Calcifications visible in mammography
T – Tumor grade indicating aggressiveness

 

Clinical Features of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: MAMMO
M – Mass or lump in the breast
A – Asymmetry in breast size or shape
M – Mammogram abnormalities
M – Modification in skin texture or nipple
O – Oozing or discharge from the nipple

 

What Should Be Avoided In Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: RISKY
R – Radiation exposure
I – Inactivity and obesity
S – Smoking and excessive alcohol consumption
K – Keeping on hormone replacement therapy for extended periods
Y – Yielding to a high-fat diet

 

Drugs Used To Treat Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: THERAPY
T – Tamoxifen
H – Herceptin (Trastuzumab)
E – Estrogen modulators
R – Radiation therapy adjuncts
A – Aromatase inhibitors
P – Paclitaxel and other chemotherapies
Y – Yearly screening and monitoring drugs

 

Drugs To Avoid In Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: HARM
H – Hormone replacement therapy
A – Alcohol-enhancing drugs
R – Reducing immune response drugs
M – Medications that increase estrogen levels

 

Radiological Features of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: SCREEN
S – Spiculated masses
C – Calcifications in clusters
R – Radiopaque lesions
E – Edges irregular in tumors
E – Enlarged lymph nodes in axilla
N – Non-uniform density

 

Diagnostic Tests for Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: MAMMOTEST
M – Mammography
A – Axillary lymph node biopsy
M – Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
M – Molecular breast imaging
O – Oncotype DX testing
T – Tumor markers like CA 15-3/CA 27-29
E – Estrogen receptor testing
S – Sentinel lymph node biopsy
T – Tissue biopsy

 

Laboratory Findings In Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: BLOOD
B – Breast cancer gene (BRCA) test positive
L – Lymph node involvement
O – Oncogenes like HER2/neu amplified
O – Ovarian suppression tests
D – Ductal carcinoma markers

 

Complications of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: REACT
R – Recurrence of cancer
E – Edema in arm (lymphedema)
A – Anxiety and depression
C – Chronic pain post-treatment
T – Treatment side effects (like osteoporosis from hormone therapy)

 

Differential Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
Mnemonic: FIBRO
F – Fibrocystic breast changes
I – Inflammatory breast cancer
B – Benign breast tumors
R – Radial scars
O – Other malignancies (like lymphoma or metastases)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department
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