Bowel Obstruction⚡Mnemonic⚡

Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on ⚡Bowel Obstruction⚡. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: SNAKE

S: Strictures (due to inflammatory bowel diseases)

N: Neoplasms (tumors)

A: Adhesions (post-surgical scar tissues)

K: Knots (intestinal volvulus)

E: External hernias


Triggers for Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: FLIGHT

F: Foreign body ingestion

L: Low fiber diet

I: Ingested gallstones

G: Gastroenteritis (severe)

H: Heavy exercise (abdominal trauma)

T: Twisting movements (intense)


Risk Factors For Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: CRUISE

C: Crohn’s disease

R: Radiation therapy (abdominal)

U: Ulcerative colitis

I: Intestinal polyps

S: Surgery (previous abdominal)

E: Elderly age


Warning Signs of Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: BEACH

B: Bloating

E: Excruciating abdominal pain

A: Absent bowel sounds

C: Constipation

H: Hyperactive bowel sounds initially


Predisposing Factors of Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: PARK

P: Previous abdominal surgeries

A: Abdominal infections

R: Radiation (previous)

K: Kinking of intestine (congenital)


Signs & Symptoms of Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: BLOCK

B: Bowel movement changes

L: Loss of appetite

O: Obvious abdominal swelling

C: Cramping abdominal pain

K: Knowable vomiting


Characteristic Findings In Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: TRAIN

T: Tympanic sound on percussion

R: Radiological evidence of dilated bowel loops

A: Air-fluid levels on X-ray

I: Increased white blood cell count (sometimes)

N: No passage of stool or gas


What Should Be Avoided In Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: FAST

F: Fiber-rich foods

A: Alcohol

S: Solid food intake

T: Tight clothing around abdomen


Drugs Used To Treat Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: RELAX

R: Rifaximin (antibiotic)

E: Electrolyte solutions

L: Laxatives (cautiously)

A: Analgesics for pain

X: X-ray guided decompression (interventional, not a drug but included for comprehensive care)


Drugs To Avoid In Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: HARD

H: Harsh laxatives

A: Anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

R: Recreational drugs

D: Drugs causing constipation (like some opioids)


Radiological Features of Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: SCREEN

S: Stepladder air-fluid levels

C: Colon distension (if large bowel obstruction)

R: Rectal cut-off sign

E: Enlarged bowel loops

E: Evidence of transition point

N: No gas in rectum (in complete obstruction)


Diagnostic Tests for Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: CHECK

C: CT scan

H: HIDA scan (in specific cases)

E: Electrolyte panel

C: Colonoscopy (if suspecting colonic obstruction)

K: KUB X-ray (Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder)


Laboratory Findings In Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: BLOOD

B: Blood count (CBC) – increased white blood cells

L: Lactic acidosis (in severe cases)

O: Osmolality (serum)

O: Organ function tests (liver, kidney)

D: D-dimer (if suspecting mesenteric ischemia)


Complications of Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: DAMAGE

D: Dehydration

A: Acidosis

M: Malnutrition

A: Abscess formation

G: Gangrene of bowel

E: Electrolyte imbalances


Differential Diagnosis of Bowel Obstruction

Mnemonic: CLIFF

C: Crohn’s disease

L: Lymphoma

I: Intussusception

F: Fecal impaction

F: Functional bowel disorder

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department