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Here are all the mnemonics you ever wanted on Borderline Personality Disorder. These mnemonics covers all aspects of the disease/health condition 

Causes of BPD:

Mnemonic: PANDAS

P – Psychological trauma in childhood

A – Abandonment fears

N – Neurobiological factors

D – Dysfunctional family environment

A – Abuse (emotional, physical, or sexual)

S – Stressful life events

Triggers for BPD:

Mnemonic: RELATE

R – Rejection, perceived or real

E – Emotional stress

L – Loss of relationships

A – Abandonment, even if just feared

T – Traumatic events

E – Extreme emotional shifts

Risk Factors For BPD:

Mnemonic: SCARRED

S – Sexual abuse history

C – Close family members with BPD

A – Abandonment in childhood or adolescence

R – Repeated emotional abuse

R – Rough (chaotic) family life

E – Early parental loss

D – Disrupted attachment with caregivers

Warning Signs of BPD:

Mnemonic: MOODY

M – Mood swings

O – Overwhelming fear of abandonment

O – Outbursts of anger

D – Distorted self-image

Y – Yielding impulsive behavior

Predisposing Factors of BPD:

Mnemonic: HURT

H – Hereditary predisposition

U – Unstable relationships in history

R – Rough (traumatic) childhood

T – Turbulent emotional experiences early in life

Signs & Symptoms of BPD:

Mnemonic: EMOTION

E – Emotional instability

M – Mood swings

O – Outbursts of anger

T – Tumultuous relationships

I – Impulsive behavior

O – Overwhelming fear of abandonment

N – Negative self-image

Characteristic Findings In BPD:

Mnemonic: CHAOS

C – Chronic feelings of emptiness

H – Heightened sensitivity to rejection

A – Anger issues

O – Oscillating moods

S – Self-destructive behavior

What Should Be Avoided In BPD:

Mnemonic: STRESS

S – Stressful relationships

T – Triggers of past trauma

R – Rejecting or invalidating environments

E – Excessive criticism

S – Substance abuse

S – Stressful life changes

Drugs Used To Treat BPD:

Mnemonic: MAD

M – Mood stabilizers (e.g., Lithium)

A – Antidepressants (e.g., SSRIs)

D – Antipsychotics (atypical, e.g., Aripiprazole)

Drugs To Avoid In BPD:

Mnemonic: PAIN

P – Psychoactive substances (recreational drugs)

A – Alcohol

I – Illicit drugs

N – Narcotics


Diagnostic Tests for BPD:

Mnemonic: PSYCH

P – Psychological evaluations

S – Structured interviews

Y – Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (for comorbidity assessment)

C – Clinical assessments by psychiatrists

H – History taking (especially personal and family history)

Contraindications of BPD Medications:

Mnemonic: DANGER

D – Depression medications in bipolar disorder

A – Alcohol consumption

N – Narcotic painkillers

G – Glaucoma (caution with certain antipsychotics)

E – Epilepsy (some medications may lower seizure threshold)

R – Renal or liver impairment (dose adjustment needed)

Indications of BPD Medications:

Mnemonic: STABLE

S – Stabilize mood

T – Treat comorbid conditions (e.g., depression, anxiety)

A – Alleviate impulsivity

B – Balance emotional responses

L – Lessen anger outbursts

E – Enhance quality of life

Side effects of BPD Medications:

Mnemonic: SIDE

S – Sedation

I – Increased appetite and weight gain

D – Dry mouth

E – Emotional blunting

Clinical Features of BPD:

Mnemonic: FEAR

F – Frantic efforts to avoid abandonment

E – Emotional instability

A – Angry outbursts

R – Risky, impulsive behaviors

Complications of BPD:

Mnemonic: HARM

H – High risk of suicide and self-harm

A – Anxiety disorders

R – Relationship problems

M – Mood swings

Differential Diagnosis of BPD:

Mnemonic: MOODS

M – Mood disorders (e.g., Bipolar Disorder)

O – Other personality disorders (e.g., Histrionic, Narcissistic)

O – Organic brain syndromes

D – Dissociative disorders

S – Substance abuse disorders

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department