You are currently viewing Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “BILATERAL LOSS to remember about Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Bilateral Vestibular Hypofunction : How To Remember Easily ?

  • B – Bilateral vestibular hypofunction can result in loss of balance, particularly in the dark.
  • I – Idiopathic and progressive bilateral vestibular hypofunction is one possible cause.
  • L – Loss of vestibular function on both sides simultaneously leads to a lack of vertigo.
  • A – Autoimmune disease and medication ototoxicity are potential causes of bilateral vestibular hypofunction.
  • T – Unilateral processes like vestibular neuritis and Ménière’s disease can also result in bilateral vestibulopathy.
  • E – Examination findings may include abnormal head impulse responses and a diminished dynamic visual acuity.
  • R – Referral for vestibular rehabilitation therapy is recommended for patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction.
  • A – Asymmetry of vestibular input is absent in patients with bilateral loss of vestibular function.
  • L – Both vestibular loss and impaired proprioception contribute to poor balance in patients with peripheral polyneuropathy.
  • L – Responses to caloric testing are reduced in patients with bilateral vestibular hypofunction.
  • O – Oscillopsia during head movement, such as walking or riding in a car, may be experienced by individuals with bilateral vestibular loss.
  • S – Superficial siderosis and meningeal-based infection or tumor are additional causes of bilateral vestibular hypofunction.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department