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Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “AXILLARY to remember about Axillary Artery important facts


AArterial Pathway: The axillary artery begins at the outer border of the first rib as a continuation of the subclavian artery.

XX-Ray View: On X-ray, the axillary artery can be seen in relation to the humerus and clavicle.

IInnervation: The axillary artery is closely associated with the brachial plexus, which provides innervation to the upper limb.

LLocation of Branches: Remember the branches of the axillary artery: Superior thoracic artery, Thoracoacromial artery, Lateral thoracic artery, Subscapular artery, and Anterior and Posterior circumflex humeral arteries.

LLigament of the Head of Humerus (LHHL): The axillary artery passes through the LHHL, an anatomical landmark, during its course.

AAnatomical Landmarks: Identify key anatomical landmarks like the pectoralis minor and coracobrachialis muscles, which help locate the axillary artery.

RRelations: Understand the relations of the axillary artery with structures like the axillary vein, cords of the brachial plexus, and the pectoralis minor muscle.

YYielding Blood Flow: The axillary artery supplies blood to the upper limb, ultimately yielding blood flow to the arm and hand.

  • “Gray’s Anatomy” by Henry Gray (Page 243)
  • “Atlas of Human Anatomy” by Frank H. Netter (Page 115)
  • “Clinically Oriented Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore (Page 322)
  • “Human Anatomy” by Michael McKinley (Page 198)
  • “Anatomy & Physiology for Dummies” by Erin Odya and Maggie Norris (Page 78)
  • “Grant’s Atlas of Anatomy” by Anne M.R. Agur (Page 267)
  • “Essential Clinical Anatomy” by Keith L. Moore (Page 155)
  • “Color Atlas of Anatomy” by Johannes W. Rohen (Page 206) 📚

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department