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Here is a quick mnemonic “PATIENT HISTORY to remember about Assessment Of A Patient With Falls

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Assessment of A Patient With Falls : How To Remember Easily ?

  • P – Productive approach is to identify high-risk patients prospectively.
  • A – Ask community-dwelling adults about falls and limitations in daily activities.
  • T – Timed Up and Go (TUG) test assesses the risk of falls.
  • I – Inquire about provoking factors, prodromal symptoms, and medical comorbidities.
  • E – Evaluate medications, especially those associated with an increased risk of falls.
  • N – Note the distinction between mechanical falls and falls with intrinsic factors.
  • T – Take note of recurrent falls and consider underlying gait or balance disorders.
  • H – History should include baseline mobility, mental status changes, and dementia.
  • I – Inspect for orthopedic abnormalities and perform a basic cardiac examination.
  • S – Sensory deficits and weakness contribute to falls and require attention.
  • T – Thoroughly examine visual acuity, strength, sensation, and balance.
  • O – Observe fall patterns and their potential etiologies.
  • R – Recognize drop attacks, collapsing falls, toppling falls, freezing of gait, and falls related to sensory loss or weakness.
  • Y – Yield to a rehabilitation-based intervention for patients with sensory deficits.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department