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Here is a quick mnemonic “COMPLEX DEFICIT to remember about Apraxia and Aphemia

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Apraxia and Aphemia : How To Remember Easily ?

  • C – Complex motor deficit
  • O – Occurs without sensory dysfunction
  • M – Motor dysfunction not caused by pyramidal, extrapyramidal, cerebellar dysfunction
  • P – Patient understands the nature of the task
  • L – Lesion in posterior part of Broca’s area or frontotemporal lobar degeneration
  • E – Involves articulatory abnormalities in duration, fluidity, and stress of syllables
  • X – eXcludes true aphasic syndrome (intact writing, reading, comprehension)
  • D – Diagnosis of ideomotor apraxia
  • E – Execution of specific motor acts or pantomiming tool use is impaired
  • F – Frontal lobe lesions or subcortical lesions can be present
  • I – Inability to follow commands without the real object
  • C – Comprehension of commands can be tested with multiple movements
  • I – Imitation of appropriate movement when demonstrated
  • T – Transmission of commands to motor areas is impaired


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department