You are currently viewing Approach To Dyspnea Management  – Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “DYSPNEA MANAGE to remember about Approach To Dyspnea Management

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NExT Medical Step 1&2, MBBS, NEET PG, INI-CET, FMGE,MCAT & NCLEX exams

Approach To Dyspnea Management : How To Remember Easily ?

  • D – Determine whether known condition has progressed or new process has developed that is causing dyspnea.
  • Y – Yes, focus on underlying etiology to determine the cause of dyspnea.
  • S – Seek specialized dyspnea clinic or subspecialty referral if cause remains elusive.
  • P – Perform initial history and physical examination to evaluate the patient.
  • N – Note the patient’s description of discomfort and its effects, which may provide clues to the etiology.
  • E – Examine vital signs and look for signs of underlying processes associated with dyspnea.
  • A – Assess respiratory rate and measure pulsus paradoxus to consider COPD, acute asthma, or pericardial disease.
  • M – Monitor for signs of increased work of breathing, such as supraclavicular retractions or use of accessory muscles.
  • A – Ask about risk factors for drug-induced or occupational lung disease and coronary artery disease.
  • N – Note signs of anemia, cyanosis, and cirrhosis during the physical examination.
  • A – Auscultate the chest for wheezes, rhonchi, and diminished breath sounds.
  • G – Gather information on joint swelling, changes consistent with Raynaud’s disease, and clubbing of the digits.
  • E – Evaluate oxygen saturation during exercise and observe for new findings.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department