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Here is a quick mnemonic “ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGy to remember about Anatomy & Physiology Of Gait Disorder

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT & NCLEX exams

Anatomy & Physiology Of Gait Disorder : How To Remember Easily ?

  • A – Anatomic substrate for dynamic balance is not well defined.
  • N – Neurologic deficit compromises bipedal walking performance.
  • A – Adaptation of locomotor programs to context and terrain.
  • T – The brainstem, cerebellum, and forebrain modify spinal pattern generators.
  • O – Obstacle avoidance and adaptation of locomotor programs.
  • M – Maintenance of center of mass over the base of support.
  • Y – Yet, “Fictive locomotion” limited in primates.
  • A – Animals rely on vestibular nucleus and midline cerebellum for balance control.
  • N – Numerous sensory inputs crucial for postural control.
  • D – Dual-task walking compromised in elderly with deficits in executive function.
  • P – Proprioceptive receptors in muscle spindles and joints contribute to sensory information.
  • H – Healthy redundancy of sensory afferent information.
  • Y – Younger individuals typically have better balance than older individuals.
  • S – Sensory information from visual, vestibular, and proprioceptive systems.
  • I – Impaired balance and walking in patients with damage to balance control structures.
  • O – Older individuals with cognitive impairment are prone to falls.
  • L – Loss of multiple sensory pathways compromises standing balance.
  • O – Older patients with deficits in executive function struggle with attentional resources.
  • G – Gait and balance management using attentional resources.
  • y- (blank)


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department