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Here is a quick mnemonic “ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE to remember about Amnestic Causes Including Alzheimer’s Disease

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Amnestic Causes Including Alzheimer’s Disease : How To Remember Easily ?

  • A: Amnestic state caused by neurologic diseases like tumors, infarctions, head trauma, etc.
  • L: Lesions within the limbic network are common in these diseases.
  • Z: Zonal lesions in the limbic network are a common feature.
  • H: Hippocampal lesions can lead to transient amnestic states.
  • E: Elderly individuals commonly experience progressive memory impairments.
  • I: Impairment of episodic memory is an early sign of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • M: Memory deficits are a characteristic of amnestic dementias.
  • E: Entorhinal cortex and hippocampus are prone to neurodegeneration in Alzheimer’s disease.
  • R: Retrograde amnesia is a symptom of transient global amnesia.
  • S: Syndrome characterized by anterograde amnesia and disorientation.
  • D: Daily living activities are generally preserved in the prodromal stage of Alzheimer’s disease.
  • I: Impairments in language, attention, and visuospatial skills emerge as the disease progresses.
  • S: Syndrome resolves within 24-48 hours, with persistent memory loss for the events during the episode.
  • E: Events occurring before the onset of transient global amnesia are often forgotten.
  • A: Associated neurologic findings may be absent, leading to potential misdiagnosis.
  • S: Seizures, migraines, and perfusion abnormalities can contribute to transient global amnesia.
  • E: Elderly individuals may experience amnestic mild cognitive impairment


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department