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Here is a quick mnemonic “AMAUROSIS FUGAX to remember about Amaurosis Fugax

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Amaurosis Fugax : How To Remember Easily ?

  • A – A transient ischemic attack affects the retina.
  • M – Metabolism in neural tissue is high.
  • A – Also, interruption of blood flow to the retina causes transient monocular blindness.
  • U – Ultra Vision fades rapidly like a descending curtain.
  • R – Retinal arteriole embolus leads to amaurosis fugax.
  • O – Ophthalmoscopy reveals whitened, edematous retina.
  • S – Source of emboli can be atherosclerotic plaque.
  • I – Inner retina suffers infarction with prolonged interruption of blood flow.
  • S – Systemic hypertension causes sclerosis of retinal arterioles.
  • F – Focal infarcts of the nerve fiber layer occur in hypertensive retinopathy.
  • U – Urgent treatment is needed for acute hypertensive retinopathy.
  • G – Glaucoma is a risk factor for retinal vein occlusion.
  • A – Also numerous retinal hemorrhages occur in venous occlusion.
  • X – Xtra “Blood and thunder” appearance signifies extensive retinal bleeding.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department