You are currently viewing Acute Otitis Media Epidemiology & Etiology – Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “OTITIS MEDIA to remember about Acute Otitis Media Epidemiology & Etiology

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Acute Otitis Media Epidemiology & Etiology : How To Remember Easily ?

  • O – Older children and adults have a lower risk of AOM due to a more developed immune system.
  • T – The eustachian tube in younger children is shorter and more horizontal, making them more susceptible to fluid accumulation.
  • I – Infection occurs when bacteria from the nasopharynx colonize the inflamed eustachian tube.
  • T – The viral URI causes edema and inflammation in the nasopharynx and eustachian tube.
  • I – Incidence of AOM peaks between 6 and 24 months of age.
  • S – Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common bacteria causing AOM.
  • M – Moraxella catarrhalis is another bacterium frequently isolated in cases of AOM.
  • E – Enteroviruses, adenoviruses, and other respiratory viruses can lead to AOM.
  • D – Disease of AOM is predominantly seen in children.
  • I – Influenza virus and other viral pathogens contribute to AOM.
  • A – Almost all patients with AOM present within days of onset.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER working in department