Here is a quick mnemonic “ACUTE DIARRHEA DETAILS“ to remember about Acute Diarrhea
This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, NExT Medical Step 1&2, MBBS, NEET PG, INI-CET, FMGE,MCAT & NCLEX exams
Acute Diarrhea : How To Remember Easily ?
- A – Abdominal pain and fever often accompany infectious diarrhea.
- C – Clostridium difficile overgrowth can cause diarrhea after antibiotic use.
- U – Upset stomach occurs when ingested agents bypass the body’s defenses.
- T – Travelers to endemic regions may develop diarrhea due to various pathogens.
- E – Enterohemorrhagic E. coli can lead to a severe hemolytic-uremic syndrome.
- D – Daycare attendees and their family members are at risk of common infections.
- I – Immunodeficient individuals may experience severe and prolonged diarrheal illness.
- A – Autoimmune-type manifestations can follow infections by certain pathogens.
- R – Reactive arthritis and conjunctivitis can accompany or follow certain infections.
- R – Remember : Medications, such as antibiotics and NSAIDs, can cause noninfectious diarrhea.
- H – Hemolytic-uremic syndrome can result from certain bacterial infections.
- E – Enterotoxin-producing bacteria cause watery diarrhea with vomiting.
- A – Arthritis and urethritis may follow infections by certain pathogens.
- D – Dysentery, or bloody diarrhea, can be caused by invasive microorganisms.
- E – E. histolytica may cause dysentery with bloody diarrhea.
- T – Toxins from medications can be common noninfectious causes of diarrhea.
- A – Acute lower abdominal pain preceding watery, then bloody diarrhea, can be caused by ischemic colitis.
- I – Ingesting toxins like ciguatera or scombroid in seafood can lead to diarrhea.
- L – Left colon and sigmoid may show inflammatory changes in ischemic colitis.
- S – Sparing the rectum, ischemic colitis primarily affects the sigmoid and left colon.
Mnemonic : ACUTE DIARRHEA DETAILS