You are currently viewing Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma Mnemonic

Here is a quick mnemonic “ACUTE ANGLE GLAUCOMA to remember about Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma

This can be valuable for patients as well as medical doctors, nurses & students doing their clinical rounds. You can also find it very useful for med exams like USMLE, MBBS, NEET PG, FMGE, NExT, MCAT & NCLEX exams

Acute Angle-Closure Glaucoma : How To Remember Easily ?

  • P – Panuveitis, or inflammation of both the anterior and posterior segments of the eye, can occur in some patients.
  • O – Observing inflammation of the vitreous, retina, or choroid on fundus examination is crucial for diagnosing posterior uveitis.
  • S – Sometimes Posterior uveitis is more likely than anterior uveitis to be associated with an identifiable systemic disease.
  • T – Toxoplasmosis, onchocerciasis, cysticercosis, coccidioidomycosis, toxocariasis, and histoplasmosis are some of the infections that can cause posterior uveitis.
  • E – Extreme periphery of the retina can develop chronic inflammatory changes in multiple sclerosis, known as pars planitis or intermediate uveitis.
  • R – Rheumatic diseases like sarcoidosis, Behçet’s disease, and Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada syndrome can manifest as posterior uveitis.
  • I – Inflammatory bowel disease is an autoimmune disease that can cause posterior uveitis.
  • O – Organisms such as Candida, Pneumocystis carinii, Cryptococcus, Aspergillus, herpes, and cytomegalovirus can lead to posterior uveitis.
  • R – Retinal inflammation in posterior uveitis can be seen in diseases like syphilis, Lyme disease, tuberculosis, cat-scratch disease, Whipple’s disease, and brucellosis.
  • U – Uveitis is characterized by inflammation of the uveal tract, which includes the iris, ciliary body, and choroid.
  • V – Vision loss can be prevented in chronic uveitis by using biologic agents like adalimumab, a tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) inhibitor.
  • E – Effective treatment for noninfectious uveitis typically involves the use of glucocorticoids.
  • I – Identifying and managing the underlying cause of posterior uveitis is essential for successful treatment.
  • T – Targeting proinflammatory cytokines is an approach used in the treatment of posterior uveitis.
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  • S – Systemic diseases can present with posterior uveitis, highlighting the need for a comprehensive evaluation.


Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department