Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “SNORE AID to remember about the Signs & Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

⚡Mnemonic⚡Signs & Symptoms of Obstructive Sleep ApneaS – Snoring: Loud and persistent snoring is a hallmark sign of OSA.

N – Nocturnal Hypoxemia: Decreased oxygen levels during sleep due to frequent breathing interruptions.

O – Overweight: Obesity is a significant risk factor for OSA.

R – Restless Sleep: Frequent awakenings and restlessness during the night.

E – Excessive Daytime Sleepiness: Individuals with OSA often experience severe daytime fatigue.

A – Apneic Episodes: Repeated episodes of breathing cessation during sleep.

I – Impaired Cognition: Cognitive impairments such as memory problems and difficulty concentrating.

D – Depression: OSA can lead to or exacerbate symptoms of depression.

  1. “Harrison’s Principles of Internal Medicine” by Dennis L. Kasper, Anthony S. Fauci, et al.
  2. “Current Medical Diagnosis and Treatment” by Maxine A. Papadakis and Stephen J. McPhee.
  3. “Robbins and Cotran Pathologic Basis of Disease” by Vinay Kumar, Abul K. Abbas, and Jon C. Aster.
  4. “The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy” by Robert S. Porter and Justin L. Kaplan.
  5. “Davidson’s Principles and Practice of Medicine” by Stuart H. Ralston, Ian D. Penman, and Mark W. Strachan.
  6. “Kumar and Clark’s Clinical Medicine” by Parveen Kumar and Michael L. Clark.
  7. “Netter’s Anatomy Coloring Book” by John T. Hansen.
  8. “Clinical Medicine for the MRCP Paces” by Gautam Mehta, Bilal Iqbal, and Deborah Bowman.

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department