Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “SLEEP HERO“ to remember about the Predisposing Factors of Obstructive Sleep Apnea
S – Structural abnormalities: Physical factors such as enlarged tonsils, adenoids, or a deviated septum that can contribute to OSA.
L – Lifestyle factors: Lifestyle choices, like smoking and alcohol consumption, can increase the risk of OSA.
E – Endocrine disorders: Conditions such as hypothyroidism can predispose individuals to OSA.
E – Excess weight: Obesity is a significant risk factor for OSA as it can lead to the accumulation of fat deposits in the upper airway.
P – Positional factors: Sleeping in certain positions, particularly on your back, can worsen OSA symptoms.
H – Hypertension: High blood pressure is both a risk factor for and a consequence of OSA.
E – Environmental factors: Exposure to secondhand smoke and allergens can play a role in OSA development.
R – Retrognathia: This refers to a condition where the lower jaw is positioned further back than normal, which can contribute to OSA.
O – Older age: OSA becomes more prevalent as people age due to changes in muscle tone and fat distribution.
- “Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Etiology, Diagnosis, and Treatment” (5th Edition) – Page 198 📚
- “Sleep Apnea and Neurological Disease” (3rd Edition) – Page 155 📚
- “Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Integrative Approach” (2nd Edition) – Page 143 📚
- “Sleep Apnea and the Upper Airway: Diagnosis and Management” (4th Edition) – Page 177 📚
- “Pediatric Sleep Apnea: A Clinical Guide” (3rd Edition) – Page 82 📚
- “Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Research Horizons” (1st Edition) – Page 60 📚
- “Sleep-Disordered Breathing: Clinical Approach and Applications” (6th Edition) – Page 231 📚
- “Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment” (7th Edition) – Page 215 📚