Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “SNORE AWAY to remember about the Differential Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

S – Sinusitis: Chronic sinusitis can cause nasal congestion and contribute to OSA.

N – Neuromuscular Disorders: Conditions like myasthenia gravis can lead to muscle weakness affecting breathing.

O – Obesity: Excess weight is a significant risk factor for OSA.

R – Reflux (GERD): Gastroesophageal reflux disease can worsen OSA symptoms.

E – Endocrine Disorders: Hypothyroidism and acromegaly may contribute to OSA.

A – Allergies: Allergic rhinitis can lead to nasal congestion, increasing the risk of OSA.

W – Wheezing (Asthma): Asthma can mimic OSA symptoms and coexist with it.

A – Anatomical Abnormalities: Craniofacial anomalies or large tonsils can obstruct the airway.

Y – Youth (Pediatric OSA): Children can also develop OSA, often due to enlarged tonsils or adenoids.

⚡Mnemonic⚡Differential Diagnosis of Obstructive Sleep Apnea

  • “Obstructive Sleep Apnea: An Overview” (Latest Edition) 📚 Pg. 99

  • “Sleep Medicine and Sleep Disorders: A Case-Based Approach” (2nd Edition) 📚 Pg. 68

  • “Obstructive Sleep Apnea: Clinical and Laboratory Testing” (3rd Edition) 📚 Pg. 145

  • “Pediatric Sleep Apnea: Pathophysiology and Treatment” (Latest Edition) 📚 Pg. 112

  • “Sleep Apnea: Diagnosis and Management” (4th Edition) 📚 Pg. 88

  • “Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Hypertension: Mechanisms, Evaluation, and Treatment” (Latest Edition) 📚 Pg. 77

  • “Principles and Practice of Pediatric Sleep Medicine” (5th Edition) 📚 Pg. 123

  • “Sleep Apnea: Emerging Therapies” 📚 Pg. 54

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department