Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “HEARTBEAT to remember about the Risk Factors For Congestive Heart Failure


⚡Mnemonic⚡: Risk Factors For Congestive Heart Failure

H – Hypertension: Elevated blood pressure is a major risk factor for congestive heart failure.

E – Excess Weight: Obesity contributes to the development of heart failure.

A – Age: Advanced age, especially over 65, is a significant risk factor.

R – Rheumatic Fever: A history of rheumatic fever can lead to heart valve problems and heart failure.

T – Tobacco Use: Smoking increases the risk of heart disease and heart failure.

B – Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can damage the heart over time.

E – Excessive Alcohol: Heavy alcohol consumption can weaken the heart muscle.

A – Arrhythmias: Irregular heart rhythms can lead to heart failure.

T – Thyroid Problems: Thyroid disorders, particularly hyperthyroidism, can contribute to heart failure.

  • “Heart Failure: A Companion to Braunwald’s Heart Disease” – 5th Edition 📚 (Page 239)
  • “Heart Failure: Pathophysiology, Molecular Biology, and Clinical Management” – 4th Edition 📚 (Page 182)
  • “Heart Failure: A Comprehensive Guide to Diagnosis and Treatment” – 3rd Edition 📚 (Page 311)
  • “Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy for Heart Failure” – 2nd Edition 📚 (Page 126)
  • “Oxford Textbook of Heart Failure” – 1st Edition 📚 (Page 277)
  • “Heart Failure: Bench to Bedside” – 6th Edition 📚 (Page 215)
  • “Heart Failure in Clinical Practice” – 7th Edition 📚 (Page 153)
  • “Advanced Heart Failure” – 8th Edition 📚 (Page 198)

Dr. Arin Nandi

Passionate About Medical Science & Helping Future Doctors Achieve Top Ranks In Medical Exams. He is professionally a dentist as well as a public health expert from JIPMER (1), (2)working in health department