Here is a quick mnemonic/memory aid “OTITIS MEDIA“ to remember about the Complications of Otitis Media
O – Osteomyelitis: Infection can spread to the temporal bone, leading to bone inflammation.
T – Thrombosis: Mastoid vein thrombosis can occur, posing a risk for intracranial complications.
I – Intracranial Abscess: Infection may extend to the brain, causing abscess formation.
T – Tympanosclerosis: Calcium deposits in the tympanic membrane due to chronic inflammation.
I – Impaired Hearing: Persistent fluid and inflammation can lead to hearing loss.
S – Speech Delay: Prolonged hearing impairment in children may affect speech development.
M – Meningitis: Infection can spread to the meninges, causing inflammation.
E – Eardrum Perforation: Chronic pressure can lead to a rupture in the tympanic membrane.
D – Dizziness and Balance Issues: Inner ear involvement may result in vertigo and imbalance.
I – Intratemporal Facial Nerve Paralysis: Facial nerve can be affected due to proximity, causing facial weakness.
A – Adhesive Otitis Media: Persistent inflammation may lead to the adhesion of ossicles, impacting hearing.